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  • Sexual Desire A Philosophical Investigation
  • Roger Scruton
  • English
  • 12 January 2020
  • 9780826480385

Roger Scruton ã 6 DOWNLOAD

READ & DOWNLOAD Sexual Desire A Philosophical Investigation DOWNLOAD Sexual Desire A Philosophical Investigation î PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Roger Scruton ã 6 DOWNLOAD Provoking intellectual adventure Beginning from purely philosophical premises and ranging over human life art and institutions he surveys the entire field of sexuality; eually dissatisfied with puritanism and permissiveness he argu. Love has an aim which is separate from that of desire Love seeks companionship in which mutual well being will be the common purpose it is nourished on counsels and conversations on gifts and tokens on affection loyalty and esteem Moreover love involves dependence It is not a commodity that can be received now from this provider now from that To love is to acuire a need for another individual and to wish for one s solace there with him Hence where love is there too is the certainty of griefI didn t follow along with all the finer points of Scruton s dense philosophy which swiftly disappointed any latent prurient interest I may have had in the book but still found this immensely insightful and sometimes even the passage uoted above for instance uite moving Bimbo Invasion uoted above for instance Sideways in Neverland Life in the Santa Ynez Valley California uite moving

READ & DOWNLOAD Sexual Desire A Philosophical Investigation

Sexual Desire A Philosophical Investigation

READ & DOWNLOAD Sexual Desire A Philosophical Investigation DOWNLOAD Sexual Desire A Philosophical Investigation î PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Roger Scruton ã 6 DOWNLOAD When John desires Mary or Mary desires John what does either of them want What is meant by innocence passion love and arousal desire perversion and shame These are just a few of the uestions Roger Scruton addresses in this thought. I shall argue that there is indeed a biological basis to our sexual conduct but I shall reject the implication that it provides the core of sexual experience The best way to understand the position for which I shall argue is in terms of an analogy A tree grows in the soil from which it takes its nourishment and without which it would be nothing And it could be almost nothing to us if it did not also spread itself in foliage flower and fruit In a similar way human sexuality grows from the soil of the reproductive urge from which it takes its life and without which it would be nothing Further it would be nothing for us if it did not flourish in personal form clothing itself in the flower and foliage of desire When we understand each other as sexual beings we see not the soil which lies hidden beneath the leaves but the leaves themselves in which the matter of animality is intelligible only because it has acuired a personal form Animal and person are in the end inextricable and just as the fact of sexual existence crucially ualifies our understanding of each other as persons so does our personal existence make it impossible to understand sexuality in purely animal termsGiven the existence of gender we can no longer assume that the sexual act between humans is the same act as that performed by animals Every feature of the sexual act down to its very physiology is transformed by our conception of gender When making love I am consciously being a man and this enterprise involves my whole nature and strives to realise itself in the motions of the act itself Although the man who enters a woman or the woman who encloses a man are satisfying a primitive urge and experiencing whatever sensations and palpitations may accompany the fulfilment of that urge this is not a description of what they are doing in the act of love Even if they are acutely conscious of the process and it is to be supposed that their thoughts abound in fantasies which direct them constantly to the source of their physical pleasure it is not the physical process described as such which constitutes the object of their intention Freud was wrong This should be reuired reading It has to be recognised that there is much to the sexual act than its final stage there is a desire to kiss and caress and pleasure associated with those activitiesArousal transforms this pleasure into a sexual pleasure But it is the pleasure of kissing the pleasure which one person takes in another when expressing his affection that is transformed It is not the physical pleasure whatever that may be felt in the mouth or on the cheek but what I shall call the intentional pleasure involved in the recognition of the meaning of another s gesture Arousal seems to affect not so much the sensation of kissing as its intentional content although the sensation itself is by no means insulated from the thought which provides its contextWe must indeed always distinguish intentional from non intentional pleasures Some pleasures are essentially pleasures at or about an object others like the pleasure of a hot bath are merely pleasures of sensationFurther the sexual organs do not appear so to speak neutrally to us at times of arousal The sexual organ undergoes a transformation which is essentially dramatic and not merely physiological Both in one s own eyes and in the eyes of the other the sexual organ becomes the self To be penetrated by a man s penis is to be penetrated by him to be enclosed by a woman s vagina is to be enclosed by herAlthough a pretty face surmounting a deformed or mutilated body may indeed fail to arouse sexual interest it is well known that a pretty face may compensate for much bodily ugliness A beautiful body however will always be rendered repulsive by an ugly face and can certainly never compensate for itIt is in the face that our life is revealed and revealed precisely in what is most involuntary Moreover since facial beauty is to a great extent a matter of expression its attractiveness is the attractiveness of life itselfTo see the orgasm as the aim of desire is as misguided as to see the exultation experienced by a player upon scoring a goal as the aim of football rather than as a pleasurable offshoot of an aim fulfilledThe lover for whom every hair on his beloved s head is of individual significance is like the aesthete who ponders every note of a score This kind of lust for detail is an inevitable dramatic continuation of attentive interest which because it regards everything as relevant tries also to find nothing insignificantTo say that desire is non transferable is not to say that it is exclusive Someone may desire several people but not with the same desireAs we ascend into the territory of love we shall see clearly that this confrontation with our embodiment is inescapable and that besides renunciation there is no other salve than love and desireThe genuinely erotic work is one which invites the reader to re create in imagination the first person point of view of someone party to an erotic encounter The pornographic work retains as a rule the third person perspective of the voyeuristic observerSome welcome this fact believing that we need to release our pent up animal spirits But we must not assume that because our sexual desires are constructed upon a foundation of animal impulse that it is the animal impulse that we need and seek to gratifyThe person in love sees his beloved s personality in all his acts and gestures and is as we might express it spellbound by them The person who falls in love makes the reverse assimilation he sees gestures and features which awaken his desire and in order that desire should justify the effort to which it at once commits him he imagines a personality to fit what he sees This is the idealisation of the object of desire Thereafter all is discovery and deception or if his imagination triumphs confirmation of the initial wishInitially there is no distinction between love and infatuation the difference is revealed when the lover is submitted to a trial and that is why true love reuires a period of courtship and why Tamino s love for Pamina must be subjected to ordealThe person who falls in love wants the smile the words the acts of the other to be for him in the sense of being done always in some measure for his sake He feels on perceiving the other a premonition of home The first feature of jealousy therefore is that it involves some degree of love And the greater the love the greater the jealousy Jealousy is a catastrophe suffered only by those who have entered the condition of ontological dependence that exists in erotic love the dependence of one who has sought in and through sexual desire the consolations of a perfect intimacy But the cause of the catastrophe is the discovery not that the beloved loves another but that he desires another It is possible to be jealous even of the most casual encounter and indeed especially of the most casual encounter provided only that it was the occasion of desireIt is true that the person in love wishes his beloved to want him as the uniue irreplaceable individual that he is and he wishes this to be the determining thought which underlies the movement of his beloved s desire At the same time however he wants his beloved to focus on his body and so to want him as a man or as a woman as an example of his sexBecause of this feature jealous thoughts are freuently exciting The jealous lover sees constantly unveiled before his imagination the scene of a sexual fantasy in which the beloved is wrapped in desire and then given to another He prostitutes his beloved in his thoughts which are invaded like Othello s by a sense of the obscene by the perception of the sexual act in its bodily terms freed from the circumstance of love The torment of jealousy is also an excitement In order to heighten the fantasy the jealous lover may become relentlessly curious He may want to know every detail even how it felt But we should notice here that a man s jealousy of lesbian relations precisely because it does not involve phallic thoughts escapes much of the wounding affliction of normal jealousy It is often easier to live with the fact of your wife s desire for a woman than with the fact of her desire for a man The former unlike the latter does not afflict you with the thought that precisely you are dispensable in your sexual partAs Kierkegaard argues following Mozart the character of Don Juan is genuinely erotic not because he transfers his attentions from individual to individual but on the contrary because he concentrates them completely upon the present individual whom he is attempting to seduce His character is concentrated into the act of seduction and this is what gives him the charm which awakens desire Don Juanism is therefore the most time consuming and indeed debilitating of all sexual addictions it reuires the constant re creation of passion and with it the strategies of seduction towards an unlimited number of objects although he in a sense desires all womanhood desires womanhood only as and when concentrated into the form and personality of each irreplaceable womanMan s destiny is to transcend the erotic discarding in this act of transcendence the element of desire However to love is to love an individual It is only in his embodiment that the individual is revealed and only in his embodiment that he may be individually knownThe experience of love at first sight is really nothing nor less than the experience of an intense desire which commands through the physical embodiment of the otherIn kissing him I imprint on his flesh the sign of my own good feelings for him and the pleasure lies in the immediate sense that he perceives me thus For a moment during the glance caress or kiss of love our separateness is extinguished and our perspectives invaded by the sense of another s desireShe is impressed less by his youth than by his power Everything that promises security is capable of arousing her affections and even a far older man may excite her provided there is in his look his smell his conversation or his social manner the necessary virtues of a father The authoritative glance the resolute action the confident enjoyment of social pre eminence all such ualities will be as important in the woman s eyes as her youth freshness and vitality are important in the eyes of a manMen and women develop separate characters separate virtues separate vices and separate social roles The modern consciousness is less disposed to admit those facts than was Aristotle say or Hume In the final surrender to desire we experience our incarnate nature we know then the truth of gender which is that as embodied creatures we are inseparable from our sexThe distinction between man and woman is a distinction of sphere of activity of role and of responses it is also a distinction within the structure of desire We may fight against these distinctions we may wish to remodel them even to destroy them altogether But they exist and not a few philosophers have drawn extraordinary conclusions which depend for their plausibility upon our acceptance of the given gender identities as naturalFashion is a cooperative activity whereby men and women and especially women attempt to make gender new and surprising Fashion displays what is common to every woman so as to permit her individuality to shine forth from the frame of her gender as the thing that is truly desired in itThe sex change patient undertakes this hazardous operation not in order to change his real sex but in order to change his body to the sex that is really his In other words he identifies his sex through his gender and his gender not through his body but through his conception of himself His body he feels belongs to a kind to which he himself does not belong It is on this ground that sex change operations are both desired by those who undergo them and justified by those who perform themThe universality in uestion is however not that of sex but that of gender The other appears to me even in the sexual act not as the naked animal but as a person clothed in the moral attributes of his gender In desiring him I see him as essentially embodied and his body as essentially ensouled the gap between soul and body is closed for me by my desire It is hard to imagine this utter unity in the intentional object arising from a non sexual motive Interpersonal union which culminates in swimming together walking together talking together does not focus upon the reality of the other s body in uite the way of the sexual act It is only when kisses and caresses become part of the aim of interpersonal union and the true source of pleasure that we are forced to see the other s body as truly him and contact with his body as contact with him Sexual desire must therefore involve such activities as kissing and caressing if it is to fulfil its fundamental aim It is surely obvious therefore that the natural culmination of these activities the sexual act should become incorporated into the intentional content of desire Desire both exploits and confirms our concept of gender by refusing to countenance the separation between a person and his body The sexual act is both biologically and intentionally the culmination of a process of physical intimacy in which a person is joined to another through his body None of our bodily functions is so well fitted to this union as is the sexual function provided that sex is perceived under the aspect of gender perceived in other words as a personal attribute rather than as a merely biological factThe other sex is forever to some extent a mystery to us with a dimension of experience that we can imagine but never inwardly know In desiring to unite with it we are desiring to mingle with something that is deeply perhaps essentially not ourselves and which brings us to experience a character and inwardness that challenge us with their strangenessFellatio for example and cunnilingus both of which have immense symbolic significance and neither of which can be excluded from the natural lyricism of the kissAs Nagel points out however a perversion is not an act but a disposition in other words a motive from which actions spring Comparative literature and literary theory: survey and introduction, (A Midland book MB-) uestions Roger Scruton addresses in this thought. I shall argue that there is indeed a biological basis to our sexual conduct but I shall reject the implication that it provides the core of sexual experience The best way to One Dance with the Sheikh understand the position for which I shall argue is in terms of an analogy A tree grows in the soil from which it takes its nourishment and without which it would be nothing And it could be almost nothing to Reversible Volume 1 (Yaoi) us if it did not also spread itself in foliage flower and fruit In a similar way human sexuality grows from the soil of the reproductive Jacky Jumps to the Top Pony Bks urge from which it takes its life and without which it would be nothing Further it would be nothing for Deconstructing a God us if it did not flourish in personal form clothing itself in the flower and foliage of desire When we Bollywood Sheet Music Tere Liye from Film Veer Zara understand each other as sexual beings we see not the soil which lies hidden beneath the leaves but the leaves themselves in which the matter of animality is intelligible only because it has acuired a personal form Animal and person are in the end inextricable and just as the fact of sexual existence crucially Two Little Miracles ualifies our A Heart on Fire understanding of each other as persons so does our personal existence make it impossible to The Big Golden Book of Poetry understand sexuality in purely animal termsGiven the existence of gender we can no longer assume that the sexual act between humans is the same act as that performed by animals Every feature of the sexual act down to its very physiology is transformed by our conception of gender When making love I am consciously being a man and this enterprise involves my whole nature and strives to realise itself in the motions of the act itself Although the man who enters a woman or the woman who encloses a man are satisfying a primitive Swamp Thing Vs the Zombie Pets urge and experiencing whatever sensations and palpitations may accompany the fulfilment of that Ink Reunited Montgomery Ink #06 urge this is not a description of what they are doing in the act of love Even if they are acutely conscious of the process and it is to be supposed that their thoughts abound in fantasies which direct them constantly to the source of their physical pleasure it is not the physical process described as such which constitutes the object of their intention Freud was wrong This should be reuired reading It has to be recognised that there is much to the sexual act than its final stage there is a desire to kiss and caress and pleasure associated with those activitiesArousal transforms this pleasure into a sexual pleasure But it is the pleasure of kissing the pleasure which one person takes in another when expressing his affection that is transformed It is not the physical pleasure whatever that may be felt in the mouth or on the cheek but what I shall call the intentional pleasure involved in the recognition of the meaning of another s gesture Arousal seems to affect not so much the sensation of kissing as its intentional content although the sensation itself is by no means insulated from the thought which provides its contextWe must indeed always distinguish intentional from non intentional pleasures Some pleasures are essentially pleasures at or about an object others like the pleasure of a hot bath are merely pleasures of sensationFurther the sexual organs do not appear so to speak neutrally to Forged in Smoke (Red-Hot SEALs, #3) us at times of arousal The sexual organ Dear Love Menghubungi Cinta Menghubungkan Cinta Hubungan Cinta undergoes a transformation which is essentially dramatic and not merely physiological Both in one s own eyes and in the eyes of the other the sexual organ becomes the self To be penetrated by a man s penis is to be penetrated by him to be enclosed by a woman s vagina is to be enclosed by herAlthough a pretty face surmounting a deformed or mutilated body may indeed fail to arouse sexual interest it is well known that a pretty face may compensate for much bodily Irrational Exuberance 3rd edition ugliness A beautiful body however will always be rendered repulsive by an Rush to the Altar ugly face and can certainly never compensate for itIt is in the face that our life is revealed and revealed precisely in what is most involuntary Moreover since facial beauty is to a great extent a matter of expression its attractiveness is the attractiveness of life itselfTo see the orgasm as the aim of desire is as misguided as to see the exultation experienced by a player Living Without the One You Cannot Live Without: Hope and Healing after Loss upon scoring a goal as the aim of football rather than as a pleasurable offshoot of an aim fulfilledThe lover for whom every hair on his beloved s head is of individual significance is like the aesthete who ponders every note of a score This kind of lust for detail is an inevitable dramatic continuation of attentive interest which because it regards everything as relevant tries also to find nothing insignificantTo say that desire is non transferable is not to say that it is exclusive Someone may desire several people but not with the same desireAs we ascend into the territory of love we shall see clearly that this confrontation with our embodiment is inescapable and that besides renunciation there is no other salve than love and desireThe genuinely erotic work is one which invites the reader to re create in imagination the first person point of view of someone party to an erotic encounter The pornographic work retains as a rule the third person perspective of the voyeuristic observerSome welcome this fact believing that we need to release our pent The Historical Role Of Islam up animal spirits But we must not assume that because our sexual desires are constructed The Detective's Secret Daughter upon a foundation of animal impulse that it is the animal impulse that we need and seek to gratifyThe person in love sees his beloved s personality in all his acts and gestures and is as we might express it spellbound by them The person who falls in love makes the reverse assimilation he sees gestures and features which awaken his desire and in order that desire should justify the effort to which it at once commits him he imagines a personality to fit what he sees This is the idealisation of the object of desire Thereafter all is discovery and deception or if his imagination triumphs confirmation of the initial wishInitially there is no distinction between love and infatuation the difference is revealed when the lover is submitted to a trial and that is why true love reuires a period of courtship and why Tamino s love for Pamina must be subjected to ordealThe person who falls in love wants the smile the words the acts of the other to be for him in the sense of being done always in some measure for his sake He feels on perceiving the other a premonition of home The first feature of jealousy therefore is that it involves some degree of love And the greater the love the greater the jealousy Jealousy is a catastrophe suffered only by those who have entered the condition of ontological dependence that exists in erotic love the dependence of one who has sought in and through sexual desire the consolations of a perfect intimacy But the cause of the catastrophe is the discovery not that the beloved loves another but that he desires another It is possible to be jealous even of the most casual encounter and indeed especially of the most casual encounter provided only that it was the occasion of desireIt is true that the person in love wishes his beloved to want him as the The Cinderella Society uniue irreplaceable individual that he is and he wishes this to be the determining thought which Suluk Gatholotjo underlies the movement of his beloved s desire At the same time however he wants his beloved to focus on his body and so to want him as a man or as a woman as an example of his sexBecause of this feature jealous thoughts are freuently exciting The jealous lover sees constantly AIV Informatiekunde voor het HBO unveiled before his imagination the scene of a sexual fantasy in which the beloved is wrapped in desire and then given to another He prostitutes his beloved in his thoughts which are invaded like Othello s by a sense of the obscene by the perception of the sexual act in its bodily terms freed from the circumstance of love The torment of jealousy is also an excitement In order to heighten the fantasy the jealous lover may become relentlessly curious He may want to know every detail even how it felt But we should notice here that a man s jealousy of lesbian relations precisely because it does not involve phallic thoughts escapes much of the wounding affliction of normal jealousy It is often easier to live with the fact of your wife s desire for a woman than with the fact of her desire for a man The former We Were the Lucky Ones unlike the latter does not afflict you with the thought that precisely you are dispensable in your sexual partAs Kierkegaard argues following Mozart the character of Don Juan is genuinely erotic not because he transfers his attentions from individual to individual but on the contrary because he concentrates them completely Her Bodyguard Harleuin Superromance No 874 upon the present individual whom he is attempting to seduce His character is concentrated into the act of seduction and this is what gives him the charm which awakens desire Don Juanism is therefore the most time consuming and indeed debilitating of all sexual addictions it reuires the constant re creation of passion and with it the strategies of seduction towards an Dirty Drag 2 The Night Drags On unlimited number of objects although he in a sense desires all womanhood desires womanhood only as and when concentrated into the form and personality of each irreplaceable womanMan s destiny is to transcend the erotic discarding in this act of transcendence the element of desire However to love is to love an individual It is only in his embodiment that the individual is revealed and only in his embodiment that he may be individually knownThe experience of love at first sight is really nothing nor less than the experience of an intense desire which commands through the physical embodiment of the otherIn kissing him I imprint on his flesh the sign of my own good feelings for him and the pleasure lies in the immediate sense that he perceives me thus For a moment during the glance caress or kiss of love our separateness is extinguished and our perspectives invaded by the sense of another s desireShe is impressed less by his youth than by his power Everything that promises security is capable of arousing her affections and even a far older man may excite her provided there is in his look his smell his conversation or his social manner the necessary virtues of a father The authoritative glance the resolute action the confident enjoyment of social pre eminence all such The Goodbye Ride ualities will be as important in the woman s eyes as her youth freshness and vitality are important in the eyes of a manMen and women develop separate characters separate virtues separate vices and separate social roles The modern consciousness is less disposed to admit those facts than was Aristotle say or Hume In the final surrender to desire we experience our incarnate nature we know then the truth of gender which is that as embodied creatures we are inseparable from our sexThe distinction between man and woman is a distinction of sphere of activity of role and of responses it is also a distinction within the structure of desire We may fight against these distinctions we may wish to remodel them even to destroy them altogether But they exist and not a few philosophers have drawn extraordinary conclusions which depend for their plausibility Love M.D. upon our acceptance of the given gender identities as naturalFashion is a cooperative activity whereby men and women and especially women attempt to make gender new and surprising Fashion displays what is common to every woman so as to permit her individuality to shine forth from the frame of her gender as the thing that is truly desired in itThe sex change patient Violet undertakes this hazardous operation not in order to change his real sex but in order to change his body to the sex that is really his In other words he identifies his sex through his gender and his gender not through his body but through his conception of himself His body he feels belongs to a kind to which he himself does not belong It is on this ground that sex change operations are both desired by those who Tough To Tame undergo them and justified by those who perform themThe Wyoming Trail universality in A Grammar of Rhetoric and Polite Literature uestion is however not that of sex but that of gender The other appears to me even in the sexual act not as the naked animal but as a person clothed in the moral attributes of his gender In desiring him I see him as essentially embodied and his body as essentially ensouled the gap between soul and body is closed for me by my desire It is hard to imagine this Interstellar Cinderella utter The Red Stockade unity in the intentional object arising from a non sexual motive Interpersonal Masterminds of the Right union which culminates in swimming together walking together talking together does not focus Gentleman Thief upon the reality of the other s body in Santas Playbook uite the way of the sexual act It is only when kisses and caresses become part of the aim of interpersonal Koi to Natsu Tsubaki union and the true source of pleasure that we are forced to see the other s body as truly him and contact with his body as contact with him Sexual desire must therefore involve such activities as kissing and caressing if it is to fulfil its fundamental aim It is surely obvious therefore that the natural culmination of these activities the sexual act should become incorporated into the intentional content of desire Desire both exploits and confirms our concept of gender by refusing to countenance the separation between a person and his body The sexual act is both biologically and intentionally the culmination of a process of physical intimacy in which a person is joined to another through his body None of our bodily functions is so well fitted to this A McKettrick Christmas union as is the sexual function provided that sex is perceived Daunting Turns Colson Brothers #2 under the aspect of gender perceived in other words as a personal attribute rather than as a merely biological factThe other sex is forever to some extent a mystery to Fuel the Fire us with a dimension of experience that we can imagine but never inwardly know In desiring to The Transforming Friendship unite with it we are desiring to mingle with something that is deeply perhaps essentially not ourselves and which brings Baby Faces Playskool Books us to experience a character and inwardness that challenge Moving Being us with their strangenessFellatio for example and cunnilingus both of which have immense symbolic significance and neither of which can be excluded from the natural lyricism of the kissAs Nagel points out however a perversion is not an act but a disposition in other words a motive from which actions spring

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READ & DOWNLOAD Sexual Desire A Philosophical Investigation DOWNLOAD Sexual Desire A Philosophical Investigation î PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB Roger Scruton ã 6 DOWNLOAD Es for a radical break with recent theories Upholding traditional morality though in terms that may shock many of its practitioners his argument gravitates to that which is candid serene and consoling in the experience of sexual lo. Three stars because I m an idiot This is a book of philosophy written to philosophers which I m not I really appreciated some of his categories for thinking but golly Dense stuff