PDF KINDLE (Hearts Grown Brutal Sagas of Sarajevo) AUTHOR Roger Cohen

  • Hardcover
  • 523
  • Hearts Grown Brutal Sagas of Sarajevo
  • Roger Cohen
  • English
  • 20 September 2019
  • 9780679452430

Roger Cohen Ý 5 characters

Hearts Grown Brutal Sagas of Sarajevo Free download ¹ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Read & Download Ë PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ý Roger Cohen Read Hearts Grown Brutal Sagas of Sarajevo In this brilliant book Roger Cohen of The New York Times takes us to the core of one of the 20th century's most complex stories weaving together the history of Yugoslavia and the story of the Bosnian War of 1992 to 1995 as experienced by four families 'I have tried to treat the story of Yugoslavia which lived for 73 years as a human one ' Cohen writes in this masterly book which like Thomas Friedman's From Beirut to Jerusalem and David Remnick's Lenin's Tomb makes us eyewitnesses at the center of historic events In the aftermath of the Cold War the Bosnian conflict shattered the West's confidence reviving Europe's darkest gh Update 32019 Radovan Karadzic s war crimes sentence increased to life in prison Couldn t happen to a nicer genocidal sociopathThis is a story of failure The Bosnian wars of 1991 1995 and of Kosovo a few years after transfixed me at the time suddenly there was warfare and barbarity on the European continent fifty years after the end of World War II In a nation Yugoslavia that had straddled the east west Cold War like no other that was made up of multiple ethnicities whose origin and history was a mix of pragmatism and willful misunderstanding imposed from without and willful papering over of centuries long resentments imposed from within stabilized by a complex and bizarrely successful one man rule for decades People paying attention knew there was dark uncertainty ahead after Tito s death in 1980 but what eventually came to pass was not some historic tribal inevitability though it suited Europe and the US to pretend this was so as an excuse for inaction but deliberately manipulated by a handful of Serb and Croat leaders with delusions of some glorious ethnically pure destiny This book was published in 1998 and there s a reason so many years passed before I read it A number of books on the Balkan crisis were published around this time including one I read called Blood and Vengeance by Chuck Sudetic also from 1998 Sudetic s book was shattering blew me away and remains one of the best books I ve read It s on my Goodreads favorites shelf and I d love to post a review of it but would really have to reread it in order to do that justice after this many years maybe one day I will So it was one of those things where I figured I d just read a definitive book on the Bosnian wars and while I never consciously abandoned plans to read Hearts Grown Brutal mentally it slipped to the back burner and stayed there for years But I m glad I have finally read it Both of these books are highly recommended by me both are by journalists who covered the war and deftly mix reportage with historical overview and personal histories of some of the people the authors encountered I deduct one star from Cohen s book only for one partial misstep The first section of the book is the story of a Bosnian Muslim who served in the Croatian Nazi allied Ustasha in World War II and fled Yugoslavia to Turkey after the war convinced Tito s agents would never stop looking for him It appears this conviction was mostly hubris as he wasn t that important and it s doubtful Tito had the resources to try to hunt down every former Ustasha Years later his grown son having thought his father was long dead learns he may still be alive and tries to find him This section is moderately interesting but Cohen strains a bit trying to make this family s saga some metaphor for the Bosnian conflict to come And it simply goes on too long though Cohen s discussion of how WWII played out in Yugoslavia is invaluable It s not fatal but I came to see it as an overlong prologue However the rest of the book is sustained brilliance It s difficult to talk about Tito s rule and the events of WWII in a concise way but some highlights The Ustasha were a Croatian fascist movement dating from the 1930s Hitler and the Nazis installed their leader Ante Pavelic as head of The Independent ha State of Croatia in 1941 The Ustasha saw the Nazi alliance as their ticket to liberation and ridding themselves of Serbs Jasenovac was one of several Croatian death camps for Serbs The term is no exaggeration a Nazi functionary in Croatia reported that in his view the Ustasha had gone stark raving mad Estimates of the dead vary but likely at least 300000 Serbs were killed under the Pavelic regime Josip Broz Tito led the communist Partisan guerrillas against the Ustasha Another opposing force was the Serbian Chetniks originally the Chetniks were irregular army who fought against the Ottoman Empire led by Draza Mihailovic royalist inclined who initially also fought the Nazis but later shifted to collaborate with the Germans to oppose the Partisans The Chetniks slaughtered thousands of Muslims and Croats during WWII After the war Mihailovic was arrested by Tito uickly tried and executed Pavelic escaped and died in Spain in 1959 Got all that Suffice to say while Hitler helped Yugoslavs had plenty of their own reasons to spend 1941 to 1945 murdering each other This history created a simmering infection all through Tito s rule as the official story was a general noble struggle against fascism with the specifics of who massacred whom swept under the rug But memory will persist Tito doesn t come off particularly well in either Cohen s or Sudetic s book but I can never uite manage to be completely condemning To be sure this was one man rule a dictatorship there were political prisoners no freedom of expression and periodic disappearances But it appears to have been a softer autocratic rule than some Tito had the stones to defy Stalin and survive he deftly played the east and west off each other during the Cold War to his nation s benefit and he managed to keep a lid on the simmering ethnic rivalries for far longer than should have been possible But his fatal flaw was to have no coherent succession plan In one sense you can see why Designating a successor in a nation of six republics and two autonomous provinces was bound to piss off all but one of them So he set up an unworkable ridiculous rotating presidency between Slovenia Croatia Bosnia Herzegovina Serbia Montenegro Macedonia plus Kosovo and Vojvodina The Yugoslav constitution of 1974 was 310 pages containing 406 articles also making clear that Tito himself could ignore any of them What could go wrong As Cohen writes It was so long precisely because bogus democracy takes a long time to explain Slobodan Milosevic president of Serbia gave a speech at Kosovo field in 1989 that crystalized the deranged Serbian ambition of bringing about a Greater Serbia this despite the fact that Serbs had always been dispersed throughout the former Yugoslaia that mixed marriages were commonplace and that culturally Bosnian Serbs had little in common with those in Belgrade Three years later the shelling of Sarajevo and then Tuzla began WHY SARAJEVO Sarajevo was the most cosmopolitan of Bosnian cities the most diverse Host of the 1984 Olympics surrounded by mountains which became symbols of oppression during the four years of siege as Serbs lobbed shells down on the inhabitants at will Its people were 44% Muslim 31% Serb 17% Croat the rest mixed Its very existence was a rebuke to the Greater Serbia idea Because Sarajevowas the most elouent symbol of coexistence it had to be destroyed And yes this meant that Serbs were also shelling Serbs Some left before the siege started many left after it began but there were others who elected to stay The Bosnian Serb army called the latter traitors for not fleeing their homes The Bosnian Serbs were led politically by Radovan Karadzic a psychiatrist and poet who once worked in Sarajevo s hospital which he now bombed and militarily by General Ratko Mladic Their actions were financed and to varying degrees directed by Belgrade though Milosevic spent the war denying this But in the particulars of this triad of war criminals was a fatal conflict Milosevic was a pure opportunist who latched onto Serb nationalism as a means to power and status He unfailingly checked which way the wind was blowing But Karadzic and Mladic were true believers who pursued their Greater Serbia notion with psychopathic zeal CONCENTRATION CAMPS ETHNIC CLEANSING NEUTRALITY AND THE NADIR OF PEACEKEEPING If you re inclined to hate the United Nations I m not read this book It s a four year nonstop parade of international impotence incompetence spinelessness and ass covering Where to start Maybe with the international arms embargo imposed on all states of the former Yugoslavia in 1991 Sounds reasonable yes Well no The fact is the former JNA Yugoslavia s army once Yugoslavia ceased to exist became Serbia s de facto army overnight So the real world effect of the arms embargo was to cripple Bosnia s Muslims and the Croatians right at the start of the war and lock in Serbia s military advantage A child could see this but not apparently the UN and the embargo remained The predictable result first in Croatia was Serbia bombing Vukovar into rubble in 1991 and mass slaughter in the Krajina region Then in 1992 the Serbs rolled into Bosnia and made the term ethnic cleansing familiar to news readers worldwide It didn t help that the Bosnian Muslim political leader Alija Izetbegovic while he had stridently insisted on Bosnia declaring its independence incomprehensibly refused to raise an army at the same time His people suffered for it By the end of 1992 the Serbs controlled 70% of Bosnia Cohen details one incident that exemplifies UN incoherence in Bosnia UNPROFOR the UN Protection Force had been created at the time of a ceasefire in the Croatian war Part of the ceasefire agreement gave the UN control of Sarajevo s airport If you re thinking wait Sarajevo isn t located in Croatia full points but bizarrely the UN saw it as neutral ground Crossing the airport which was surrounded by Serb snipers was the only way for people in Sarajevo to escape the siege In August 1993 a woman called Bisera Zecevic decided to risk the crossing One son had died on the mountains surrounding Sarajevo in a military engagement her other son had successfully crossed the airport and eventually made his way to Detroit in the US So Bisera and a family friend ran the gauntlet But the UN had somehow decided that neutrality reuired them to discourage this so they beamed a spotlight on the two Bosnians as they crossed the airport this gave the Serb snipers a clear shot and Bisera was killed Yay neutrality The Serb psyche was a funhouse mirror which allowed them to perceive themselves always as victims acting in self defense The Serbs lobbing shells onto Sarajevo markets killing and maiming civilians and children were thus just defending themselves And the Serb obsession with the sexuality fertility and promiscuity of the Muslims led to the systematic mass rape of thousands of Muslim women in 1992 And memories of the Jasenovac camp in WWII led to several concentration camps being set up for the displaced Muslim civilians of the 92 rampage The Serb bombardment of Sarajevo looked like mindless brutality in that over than three years it took thousands of innocent lives and was a colossal public relations disaster In the early months of the conflict however it served one important purpose It distracted international attention from the real business of the war That business was the eviction or slaughter of Muslims in mostly rural towns and villages Taken from their homes herded into camps selectively killed over three uarters of a million people displaced The UN defines genocide as acts committed with intent to destroy in whole or in part a national ethnical racial or religious group as such And we knew Refugees survivors informers had stories that reached the State Dept Reports from the International Red Cross And satellite photographs We knew and we blinked We decided we didn t like to use the word genocide Earlier defiant talk wilted And the Serbs took the meaning correctly that the international community lacked the stones to back up talk with action The dispiriting course of the next three years was thus set There was also preconceived notions of Serb sophistication and Muslim uncouthness Mladic and Karadzic were good at bonhomie backslapping offers of plum brandy Many UN personnel felt they could relate to them while the Muslims seemed comparatively like Appalachian hicks where two matching boots ualified one as part of a special forces unit Two diplomats in particular Yasushi Akashi of Japan and Bernard Janvier of France never met a Serb lie or false promise they wouldn t believe or passed up an opportunity to scorn the Muslims as professional victims Then there was Michael Rose of Britain a true piece of work He once blamed the death of a British officer in a Serb attack on the safe area ha of Gorazde on the Muslims for folding their front line Unhappy with the author s reporting he calls Cohen into his office for a meandering rant On the fact of Serbs defying an ultimatum to remove all weapons from a Gorazde exclusion zone I m not about to start a third world war for three rusty pieces of metal On Gorazde s hospital being bombed Rose denies it was destroyed rather only had a shell through the roof and two or three tank rounds into the stairwell Well ok then Rose developed a mantra for UN dithering and inaction This is the Balkans you know How bad did it get The UN utter devotion to neutrality and obfuscation even extended to the death of one of their own A French soldier Eric Hardoin had been building an anti sniping barrier in Sarajevo when he was shot twice and killed The next day a UN spokesman said that while the first bullet fired definitely came from a Serb sniper the second shot three seconds later might possibly have come from the Bosnian government side Seriously THE SEEDS OF THE SERBS UNDOING Time however was not on the Serbs side By the end of 1992 they controlled 70% of Bosnia and 27% of Croatia due largely to the overwhelming military advantage they started with But over the next three years the lines barely moved With desperation as a motivator Bosnian Muslims scraped together an army which over time became organized and effective And by 1994 the US had become a de facto military ally of Croatia Not officially of course But at this point there was a tenuous Muslim Croat Federation Clinton administration thinking was that it needed to be strong enough to hold off the Serbs Fair enough though it ignored the fact that these allies barely tolerated each other and that Croatian President Franjo Tudjman viewed Muslims with contempt and wanted to expel all Serbs from Croatia So Iran wanted to help Bosnian Muslims and had been pressing the US on this issue for some time Eventually pragmatism won out and odd as it sounds there was an Iranian pipeline sending arms to Croatia which made their way to the Bosnian and Croatian governments while the US uietly told Tudjman they had no opinion on these shipments The longer the war dragged on the less advantageous the Serbs position becameTudjman himself was another factor To be clear he was an eually despicable figure as Milosevic just as virulent in the nationalism he pursued But you didn t read about him nearly as much Partly this is because no one could outdo the Serbs for disastrous PR And partly it s because Tudjman was a master counterpuncher While the Serbs turned Vukovar into a modern day Dresden the first atrocity of the Balkan wars to garner worldwide attention Tudjman was savvy enough to order his forces when they liberated a village of its Serb inhabitants to leave Orthodox churches untouched They were no less vicious but this detail in comparison to the Catholic churches and Muslim mosues the Serbs would reduce to rubble was a handy symbol As Cohen puts it Tudjman proved a master of committing his atrocities in the shadow of larger Serb onesAnd in time Milosevic found he couldn t control Karadzic Peace agreements were proposed at various points eventually Milosevic wanted to sign and be done with the war but Karadzic balked Milosevic was furious and essentially cut ties So when the tide turned in the Krajina region of Croatia the Serbs there found they were on their own and routed It was over in four days and 150000 Serbs those who weren t outright killed fled east into SerbiaFinally there was the myth of Serbian military prowess taken on faith by the west from the war s beginning In truth the vastly superior arsenal of the Serbshad always masked a limited willingness to fightThe craven long range bombardment of Vukovar and other towns reflected the reluctance of the Serbs to take casualties and engage in fighting at close uartersThe only occasion on which the inheritors of Europe s fourth largest army proved really effective was against defenseless civilians SREBRENICA As the war dragged on the Serbs were desperate to lock down as much territory as they could with an eye toward eventual negotiations on how territory would be divided in any peace agreement This put three eastern Muslim enclaves Gorazde Zepa and Srebrenica in extreme danger I ve read about Srebrenica so many times it never gets less depressing The trapped Muslims increasingly desperate but believing earlier promises they would be protected the Dutch peacekeepers hung out to dry by their own superiors NATO planes in the air waiting for the order to launch airstrikes which could have averted the massacre Janvier hesitating wanting to believe Mladic s lies that the Serbs wouldn t attack and reneging on his promises to the Dutch that if an attack came they would have air support Srebrenica fell on July 11 1995 Mladic publicly assured the Muslims they could leave on July 12 but his forces weeded out Muslim men and diverted them to fields where they were executed and put in mass graves Over seven thousand Muslims were killed the worst massacre on European soil since WWII Mladic personally supervised this and Belgrade was still paying his salary I should add that Sudetic in Blood and Vengeance gives a much intimate moment to moment account of these events harrowing and shattering to readreview cont d in comments damn I knew this was too long World History Series Building the Transcontinental Railroad World History Series years as a human one ' Cohen writes in this masterly book which like Thomas Friedman's From Beirut to Jerusalem and David Remnick's Lenin's Tomb makes us eyewitnesses at the center of historic events In the aftermath of the Cold War the Bosnian conflict shattered the West's confidence reviving Europe's darkest gh Update 32019 Radovan Karadzic s war crimes sentence increased to life in prison Couldn t happen to a nicer genocidal sociopathThis is a story of failure The Bosnian wars of 1991 1995 and of Kosovo a few The Musical Guide Parts 1 170010 2 1721 and 3 1717 Oxford Early Music Series years after transfixed me at the time suddenly there was warfare and barbarity on the European continent fifty The Musical Guide Parts 1 170010 2 1721 and 3 1717 Oxford Early Music Series years after the end of World War II In a nation Yugoslavia that had straddled the east west Cold War like no other that was made up of multiple ethnicities whose origin and history was a mix of pragmatism and willful misunderstanding imposed from without and willful papering over of centuries long resentments imposed from within stabilized by a complex and bizarrely successful one man rule for decades People paying attention knew there was dark uncertainty ahead after Tito s death in 1980 but what eventually came to pass was not some historic tribal inevitability though it suited Europe and the US to pretend this was so as an excuse for inaction but deliberately manipulated by a handful of Serb and Croat leaders with delusions of some glorious ethnically pure destiny This book was published in 1998 and there s a reason so many El arte de argumentar years passed before I read it A number of books on the Balkan crisis were published around this time including one I read called Blood and Vengeance by Chuck Sudetic also from 1998 Sudetic s book was shattering blew me away and remains one of the best books I ve read It s on my Goodreads favorites shelf and I d love to post a review of it but would really have to reread it in order to do that justice after this many Scooby Doo Carnival of Mystery Book and Decoder Scooby Doo years maybe one day I will So it was one of those things where I figured I d just read a definitive book on the Bosnian wars and while I never consciously abandoned plans to read Hearts Grown Brutal mentally it slipped to the back burner and stayed there for Cucumber Quest: The Melody Kingdom years But I m glad I have finally read it Both of these books are highly recommended by me both are by journalists who covered the war and deftly mix reportage with historical overview and personal histories of some of the people the authors encountered I deduct one star from Cohen s book only for one partial misstep The first section of the book is the story of a Bosnian Muslim who served in the Croatian Nazi allied Ustasha in World War II and fled Yugoslavia to Turkey after the war convinced Tito s agents would never stop looking for him It appears this conviction was mostly hubris as he wasn t that important and it s doubtful Tito had the resources to try to hunt down every former Ustasha Years later his grown son having thought his father was long dead learns he may still be alive and tries to find him This section is moderately interesting but Cohen strains a bit trying to make this family s saga some metaphor for the Bosnian conflict to come And it simply goes on too long though Cohen s discussion of how WWII played out in Yugoslavia is invaluable It s not fatal but I came to see it as an overlong prologue However the rest of the book is sustained brilliance It s difficult to talk about Tito s rule and the events of WWII in a concise way but some highlights The Ustasha were a Croatian fascist movement dating from the 1930s Hitler and the Nazis installed their leader Ante Pavelic as head of The Independent ha State of Croatia in 1941 The Ustasha saw the Nazi alliance as their ticket to liberation and ridding themselves of Serbs Jasenovac was one of several Croatian death camps for Serbs The term is no exaggeration a Nazi functionary in Croatia reported that in his view the Ustasha had gone stark raving mad Estimates of the dead vary but likely at least 300000 Serbs were killed under the Pavelic regime Josip Broz Tito led the communist Partisan guerrillas against the Ustasha Another opposing force was the Serbian Chetniks originally the Chetniks were irregular army who fought against the Ottoman Empire led by Draza Mihailovic royalist inclined who initially also fought the Nazis but later shifted to collaborate with the Germans to oppose the Partisans The Chetniks slaughtered thousands of Muslims and Croats during WWII After the war Mihailovic was arrested by Tito uickly tried and executed Pavelic escaped and died in Spain in 1959 Got all that Suffice to say while Hitler helped Yugoslavs had plenty of their own reasons to spend 1941 to 1945 murdering each other This history created a simmering infection all through Tito s rule as the official story was a general noble struggle against fascism with the specifics of who massacred whom swept under the rug But memory will persist Tito doesn t come off particularly well in either Cohen s or Sudetic s book but I can never uite manage to be completely condemning To be sure this was one man rule a dictatorship there were political prisoners no freedom of expression and periodic disappearances But it appears to have been a softer autocratic rule than some Tito had the stones to defy Stalin and survive he deftly played the east and west off each other during the Cold War to his nation s benefit and he managed to keep a lid on the simmering ethnic rivalries for far longer than should have been possible But his fatal flaw was to have no coherent succession plan In one sense Crashing you can see why Designating a successor in a nation of six republics and two autonomous provinces was bound to piss off all but one of them So he set up an unworkable ridiculous rotating presidency between Slovenia Croatia Bosnia Herzegovina Serbia Montenegro Macedonia plus Kosovo and Vojvodina The Yugoslav constitution of 1974 was 310 pages containing 406 articles also making clear that Tito himself could ignore any of them What could go wrong As Cohen writes It was so long precisely because bogus democracy takes a long time to explain Slobodan Milosevic president of Serbia gave a speech at Kosovo field in 1989 that crystalized the deranged Serbian ambition of bringing about a Greater Serbia this despite the fact that Serbs had always been dispersed throughout the former Yugoslaia that mixed marriages were commonplace and that culturally Bosnian Serbs had little in common with those in Belgrade Three Berlitz Pocket Guide Italy (Insight Pocket Guide Italy) years later the shelling of Sarajevo and then Tuzla began WHY SARAJEVO Sarajevo was the most cosmopolitan of Bosnian cities the most diverse Host of the 1984 Olympics surrounded by mountains which became symbols of oppression during the four Bound and Submitted years of siege as Serbs lobbed shells down on the inhabitants at will Its people were 44% Muslim 31% Serb 17% Croat the rest mixed Its very existence was a rebuke to the Greater Serbia idea Because Sarajevowas the most elouent symbol of coexistence it had to be destroyed And الساموراي العظيم، سيرة الأمير يوشي تسونيه yes this meant that Serbs were also shelling Serbs Some left before the siege started many left after it began but there were others who elected to stay The Bosnian Serb army called the latter traitors for not fleeing their homes The Bosnian Serbs were led politically by Radovan Karadzic a psychiatrist and poet who once worked in Sarajevo s hospital which he now bombed and militarily by General Ratko Mladic Their actions were financed and to varying degrees directed by Belgrade though Milosevic spent the war denying this But in the particulars of this triad of war criminals was a fatal conflict Milosevic was a pure opportunist who latched onto Serb nationalism as a means to power and status He unfailingly checked which way the wind was blowing But Karadzic and Mladic were true believers who pursued their Greater Serbia notion with psychopathic zeal CONCENTRATION CAMPS ETHNIC CLEANSING NEUTRALITY AND THE NADIR OF PEACEKEEPING If The Jamaican Ninja Bert 2 you re inclined to hate the United Nations I m not read this book It s a four Savage Moon Savage Moon #03 year nonstop parade of international impotence incompetence spinelessness and ass covering Where to start Maybe with the international arms embargo imposed on all states of the former Yugoslavia in 1991 Sounds reasonable The Damned Innocents you re thinking wait Sarajevo isn t located in Croatia full points but bizarrely the UN saw it as neutral ground Crossing the airport which was surrounded by Serb snipers was the only way for people in Sarajevo to escape the siege In August 1993 a woman called Bisera Zecevic decided to risk the crossing One son had died on the mountains surrounding Sarajevo in a military engagement her other son had successfully crossed the airport and eventually made his way to Detroit in the US So Bisera and a family friend ran the gauntlet But the UN had somehow decided that neutrality reuired them to discourage this so they beamed a spotlight on the two Bosnians as they crossed the airport this gave the Serb snipers a clear shot and Bisera was killed Yay neutrality The Serb psyche was a funhouse mirror which allowed them to perceive themselves always as victims acting in self defense The Serbs lobbing shells onto Sarajevo markets killing and maiming civilians and children were thus just defending themselves And the Serb obsession with the sexuality fertility and promiscuity of the Muslims led to the systematic mass rape of thousands of Muslim women in 1992 And memories of the Jasenovac camp in WWII led to several concentration camps being set up for the displaced Muslim civilians of the 92 rampage The Serb bombardment of Sarajevo looked like mindless brutality in that over than three The Definitive Guide To Momentum Indicators years it took thousands of innocent lives and was a colossal public relations disaster In the early months of the conflict however it served one important purpose It distracted international attention from the real business of the war That business was the eviction or slaughter of Muslims in mostly rural towns and villages Taken from their homes herded into camps selectively killed over three uarters of a million people displaced The UN defines genocide as acts committed with intent to destroy in whole or in part a national ethnical racial or religious group as such And we knew Refugees survivors informers had stories that reached the State Dept Reports from the International Red Cross And satellite photographs We knew and we blinked We decided we didn t like to use the word genocide Earlier defiant talk wilted And the Serbs took the meaning correctly that the international community lacked the stones to back up talk with action The dispiriting course of the next three Delapan Mata Air Kecemerlangan years was thus set There was also preconceived notions of Serb sophistication and Muslim uncouthness Mladic and Karadzic were good at bonhomie backslapping offers of plum brandy Many UN personnel felt they could relate to them while the Muslims seemed comparatively like Appalachian hicks where two matching boots ualified one as part of a special forces unit Two diplomats in particular Yasushi Akashi of Japan and Bernard Janvier of France never met a Serb lie or false promise they wouldn t believe or passed up an opportunity to scorn the Muslims as professional victims Then there was Michael Rose of Britain a true piece of work He once blamed the death of a British officer in a Serb attack on the safe area ha of Gorazde on the Muslims for folding their front line Unhappy with the author s reporting he calls Cohen into his office for a meandering rant On the fact of Serbs defying an ultimatum to remove all weapons from a Gorazde exclusion zone I m not about to start a third world war for three rusty pieces of metal On Gorazde s hospital being bombed Rose denies it was destroyed rather only had a shell through the roof and two or three tank rounds into the stairwell Well ok then Rose developed a mantra for UN dithering and inaction This is the Balkans Άμυνα ζώνης you know How bad did it get The UN utter devotion to neutrality and obfuscation even extended to the death of one of their own A French soldier Eric Hardoin had been building an anti sniping barrier in Sarajevo when he was shot twice and killed The next day a UN spokesman said that while the first bullet fired definitely came from a Serb sniper the second shot three seconds later might possibly have come from the Bosnian government side Seriously THE SEEDS OF THE SERBS UNDOING Time however was not on the Serbs side By the end of 1992 they controlled 70% of Bosnia and 27% of Croatia due largely to the overwhelming military advantage they started with But over the next three Decline of Hell Seventeenth Century Discussions of years the lines barely moved With desperation as a motivator Bosnian Muslims scraped together an army which over time became organized and effective And by 1994 the US had become a de facto military ally of Croatia Not officially of course But at this point there was a tenuous Muslim Croat Federation Clinton administration thinking was that it needed to be strong enough to hold off the Serbs Fair enough though it ignored the fact that these allies barely tolerated each other and that Croatian President Franjo Tudjman viewed Muslims with contempt and wanted to expel all Serbs from Croatia So Iran wanted to help Bosnian Muslims and had been pressing the US on this issue for some time Eventually pragmatism won out and odd as it sounds there was an Iranian pipeline sending arms to Croatia which made their way to the Bosnian and Croatian governments while the US uietly told Tudjman they had no opinion on these shipments The longer the war dragged on the less advantageous the Serbs position becameTudjman himself was another factor To be clear he was an eually despicable figure as Milosevic just as virulent in the nationalism he pursued But An Analysis of Sri Aurobindos The Life Divine you didn t read about him nearly as much Partly this is because no one could outdo the Serbs for disastrous PR And partly it s because Tudjman was a master counterpuncher While the Serbs turned Vukovar into a modern day Dresden the first atrocity of the Balkan wars to garner worldwide attention Tudjman was savvy enough to order his forces when they liberated a village of its Serb inhabitants to leave Orthodox churches untouched They were no less vicious but this detail in comparison to the Catholic churches and Muslim mosues the Serbs would reduce to rubble was a handy symbol As Cohen puts it Tudjman proved a master of committing his atrocities in the shadow of larger Serb onesAnd in time Milosevic found he couldn t control Karadzic Peace agreements were proposed at various points eventually Milosevic wanted to sign and be done with the war but Karadzic balked Milosevic was furious and essentially cut ties So when the tide turned in the Krajina region of Croatia the Serbs there found they were on their own and routed It was over in four days and 150000 Serbs those who weren t outright killed fled east into SerbiaFinally there was the myth of Serbian military prowess taken on faith by the west from the war s beginning In truth the vastly superior arsenal of the Serbshad always masked a limited willingness to fightThe craven long range bombardment of Vukovar and other towns reflected the reluctance of the Serbs to take casualties and engage in fighting at close uartersThe only occasion on which the inheritors of Europe s fourth largest army proved really effective was against defenseless civilians SREBRENICA As the war dragged on the Serbs were desperate to lock down as much territory as they could with an eye toward eventual negotiations on how territory would be divided in any peace agreement This put three eastern Muslim enclaves Gorazde Zepa and Srebrenica in extreme danger I ve read about Srebrenica so many times it never gets less depressing The trapped Muslims increasingly desperate but believing earlier promises they would be protected the Dutch peacekeepers hung out to dry by their own superiors NATO planes in the air waiting for the order to launch airstrikes which could have averted the massacre Janvier hesitating wanting to believe Mladic s lies that the Serbs wouldn t attack and reneging on his promises to the Dutch that if an attack came they would have air support Srebrenica fell on July 11 1995 Mladic publicly assured the Muslims they could leave on July 12 but his forces weeded out Muslim men and diverted them to fields where they were executed and put in mass graves Over seven thousand Muslims were killed the worst massacre on European soil since WWII Mladic personally supervised this and Belgrade was still paying his salary I should add that Sudetic in Blood and Vengeance gives a much intimate moment to moment account of these events harrowing and shattering to readreview cont d in comments damn I knew this was too long

Read Hearts Grown Brutal Sagas of SarajevoHearts Grown Brutal Sagas of Sarajevo

Hearts Grown Brutal Sagas of Sarajevo Free download ¹ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Read & Download Ë PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ý Roger Cohen Read Hearts Grown Brutal Sagas of Sarajevo Ilson Sead's desperate uest is punctuated by the lies half truths and pain that mark other sagas of Yugoslavia Through three families one Muslim Serb one Muslim and one Serb Croat we experience the war in Bosnia as it breaks up marriages and sets relative against relative The reality of the Balkans is illuminated even as the hypocrisy of the international response to the war is exposed HeartsGrown Brutal is a remarkable book a testament to the loss of a multi ethnic European state and a warning that the violence could return It is a magnificent achievement that blends history and journalism into a profoundly moving human sto Like any book about war this book was exhausting But it was worth the effort Roger Cohen wrote about his experiences in BosniaSerbiaCroatia as well as the experiences of several families But he also covered much of the countries history the history that we in the USA were led to believe was the cause of this awful war It was an eye opening experience to see the workings of the international community and the efforts made not to intervene and to remain neutral in this war which as clearly elucidated by Mr Cohen was not a civil war but a war of aggression in which someone should have intervened He was extremely critical of the US of Britain France as well as the UN and NATO He stated that the war changed him and his book changed me I now look at humanitarian aid from the UN in peacekeeping efforts with a much jaded eye This book calls us all to account and reading it has changed my view of the current efforts to bring peace to Syria I have much less confidence in that effort because I see how feckless as Mr Cohen called it the US and the UN can be in these efforts Just how much responsibility do we all bear for people in other parts of the world It is hard to know But this book certainly illustrates how bad it can be when we fail to take any responsibility at all

Read & Download Ë PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ý Roger Cohen

Hearts Grown Brutal Sagas of Sarajevo Free download ¹ PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Read & Download Ë PDF, eBook or Kindle ePUB free Ý Roger Cohen Read Hearts Grown Brutal Sagas of Sarajevo Osts and exposing an America reluctant to confront or acknowledge an act of genocide on European soil Through Cohen's compelling reconstruction of the 20th century history that led up to the war and his account of the war's effect on everyday lives we at last find the key to understanding Europe's most explosive region and its peoples'This was a war of intimate betrayals ' Cohen goes on to say and in Hearts Grown Brutal the betrayals begin in the family of a man named Sead Through his search for his lost father we relive the history of Yugoslavia founded at the end of World War I with the encouragement of President Woodrow W This is one of the best overall histories of the Yugoslav wars I ve read and it s also a heartfelt polemic against the ineffectual dishonest and cowardly foreign policies adopted toward the conflict by the Western powers in Europe and the US that could have provided real help much earlier Cohen s arguments make it clear that earlier intervention very likely would have saved thousands of innocent lives and would have preserved Bosnia to some extent as a multi confessional society and nation He makes cases and points fingers implicating of course Milosovic Karadzic and Tudjman but also many in the west that should have known better like James Baker and Lawrence Eagleburger of the US The bonus of the book is the high level writing of Cohen His ability to pull out a creative metaphor or simile to paint a picture or a mood is something to behold and admire I ve personally experienced the phenomenon of falling in love with Bosnia This book shows that this is not an uncommon reaction to experiencing Bosnia